THE most impressive designs for near-future Mars bases have finally been revealed.
These elaborate celestial plans are the difference between human life surviving on Mars – and thriving.
3D printing is making it possible to have life on MarsCredit: NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center
Proper human habitats on Mars include pressurized environments that combat radiation, and allow for proper sunlight and airflow, in addition to having enough space that humans aren’t tempted to murder each otherCredit: NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center
When it comes to planning how to live on a planet like Mars, 3D printing has provided scientists with the easiest way of navigating an environment that has similarities, but ultimately boasts a vastly different environment from Earth.
Martian buildings have to withstand a lot of solar radiation, and huge variations in temperature, in addition to creating a pressurized environment inside that allows humans to stay long-term, Futurism reported.
Because of strict weight limits on the space vehicles required for the initial travel, complex building materials are largely out of the question.
A popularly proposed plan is using a 3D printer on Mars, utilizing the planet’s surface as the creative material, according to the outlet.
Nasa even held a contest to let experts craft their own plan for a Martial human habitat done solely in 3D.
Five teams were finalized, all from top American universities and construction and architecture businesses.
This assembly from Rogers, Arkansas won first place in the contest pitching a plan for “Martian concrete.”
Made from ice, calcium oxide, and Martian rocks, this team said that a large metal dome could hold the concrete mixer and the 3D printer.
The dome acts as a shelter for the printer from extreme environmental conditions, according to Futurism.
These human habitats would be hexagonal in shape, made from a printer that lifts the printed sections up and repeats the process as necessary to build them.
Team Zopherus claims that the concrete could stand the tough climate and suck in the radiation that would be harmful to humans.
Under this plane, the metal dome would have to be shipped on its own from our planet.
Team AI Spacefactory
This New York team aimed for their design to harness a “credible and evocative habitat with an alien yet familiar beauty, according to their site.
In a clever pun, they call their habitat Marsha, and it is a cylinder design that prioritizes floor space.
The team also claims that it is a master of pressurization.
Because they inserted multiple floors into the design, those human Martians are much less likely to kill each other, Futurism said, as it separates activities or individuals who want their own space.
Smart walls also allow the space to grow or shrink as necessary with the rapidly changing temperatures on Mars.
A Jackson, Mississippi-based team came up with the idea of a pre-made core that Martians can set down right on the planet’s surface.
Upon landing, the core has a giant 3D print arm that will print out the base of the oval-shaped building, then the walls.
The outer shell of the design allows sunlight to reach the inside.
Carefully placed spacing between the outer shell and the inner core is aimed at placing a garden that acts as a barrier that helps to filter the inside air.
Team Search+Apis Cor
Based in New York, this team primarily focused on pleasant and important lighting in their design.
It shields humans from radiation while allowing sunlight to get into the interior of the habitat.
This was done in collaboration with construction Apis Cor, which is a construction company that has already 3D printed buildings on Earth.
Their design is also inflatable, and these parts can be shipped prior to the arrival of the Mars-bound earthlings, Futurism said.
Team Northwestern University
Northwestern’s team also banked on inflatability.
This habitat is pressurized as necessary.
The outer shell of the design can be printed from Mars’ crust.
Using “wet rooms” that need plumbing, such as a lab, a kitchen, and a bathroom, they are able to pipe essentials to one area of the home.